NestJS - Presets

Start a NestJS Project with Docker in 2 Easy Steps

  1. Run kool create nestjs my-project
  2. Run cd my-project && kool run setup

Yes, using kool + Docker to create and work on new NestJS projects is that easy!

If you haven't done so already, you first need to install Docker and the kool CLI.

Also, make sure you're running the latest version of kool. Run the following command to compare your local version of kool with the latest release, and, if a newer version is available, automatically download and install it.

$ kool self-update

Please note that it helps to have a basic understanding of how Docker and Docker Compose work to use Kool with Docker.

Use the kool create PRESET FOLDER command to create your new NestJS project:

$ kool create nestjs my-project

Under the hood, this command will run nest new my-project to install NestJS with Typescript and NPM as the package manager.

After installing NestJS, kool create automatically runs the kool preset nestjs command, which helps you easily set up the initial tech stack for your project using an interactive wizard.

$ Preset nestjs is initializing! ? Which database service do you want to use [Use arrows to move, type to filter] > MySQL 8.0 MySQL 5.7 PostgreSQL 13.0 none ? Which cache service do you want to use [Use arrows to move, type to filter] > Redis 6.0 Memcached 1.6 none $ Preset nestjs initialized!

Now, move into your new NestJS project:

$ cd my-project

The kool preset command auto-generated the following configuration files and added them to your project, which you can modify and extend.

+docker-compose.yml +kool.yml +.env.dist

Now's a good time to review the docker-compose.yml file and verify the services match the choices you made earlier using the wizard.

Say hello to kool.yml, say goodbye to custom shell scripts!

As mentioned above, the kool preset command added a kool.yml file to your project. Think of kool.yml as a super easy-to-use task helper. Instead of writing custom shell scripts, add your own scripts to kool.yml (under the scripts key), and run them with kool run SCRIPT (e.g. kool run nest). You can add your own single line commands (see nest below), or add a list of commands that will be executed in sequence (see setup below).

To help get you started, kool.yml comes prebuilt with an initial set of scripts (based on the preset), including a script called setup, which helps you spin up a project for the first time.

scripts: setup: # copy .env file - cp .env.dist .env # install backend deps - kool docker kooldev/node:20 npm install # helpers npm: kool exec app npm npx: kool exec app npx nest: kool run npx @nestjs/cli

Go ahead and run kool run setup to start your Docker environment and finish setting up your project:

$ kool run setup $ kool start

As you can see in kool.yml, the setup script will do the following in sequence: run npm install to build your Node packages and dependencies (by spinning up and down a temporary Node container). After that youo can start your Docker environment using docker-compose.yml with the command kool start (which includes a container to running npm run start:dev).

Once kool start finishes, you should be able to access your new site at http://localhost:3000 and see the NestJS "Hello World!" welcome page.

Verify your Docker container is running using the kool status command:

$ kool status +---------+---------+------------------------+--------------+ | SERVICE | RUNNING | PORTS | STATE | +---------+---------+------------------------+--------------+ | app | Running |>3000/tcp | Up 5 seconds | +---------+---------+------------------------+--------------+

Run kool logs app to see the logs from the running app container, and confirm the NestJS server was started.

Use kool logs to see the logs from all running containers. Add the -f option after kool logs to follow the logs (i.e. kool logs -f app).

$ kool logs app [2:55:57 AM] Starting compilation in watch mode... my-project-app-1 | my-project-app-1 | [2:56:11 AM] Found 0 errors. Watching for file changes. my-project-app-1 | my-project-app-1 | [Nest] 32 - 08/11/2022, 2:56:14 AM LOG [NestFactory] Starting Nest application... my-project-app-1 | [Nest] 32 - 08/11/2022, 2:56:14 AM LOG [InstanceLoader] AppModule dependencies initialized +85ms my-project-app-1 | [Nest] 32 - 08/11/2022, 2:56:14 AM LOG [RoutesResolver] AppController {/}: +25ms my-project-app-1 | [Nest] 32 - 08/11/2022, 2:56:14 AM LOG [RouterExplorer] Mapped {/, GET} route +8ms my-project-app-1 | [Nest] 32 - 08/11/2022, 2:56:14 AM LOG [NestApplication] Nest application successfully started +6ms

If you added a database and/or cache service when answering the preset wizard questions, you'll need to add some local environment variables to match the services in your docker-compose.yml file (see below). To set these variables, it's common to use a .env file in your project root directory. Learn more about how to configure NestJS.

MySQL 5.7 and 8.0

+DB_CONNECTION=mysql +DB_HOST=database

PostgreSQL 13.0

+DB_CONNECTION=pgsql +DB_HOST=database +DB_PORT=5432





Use kool exec to execute a command inside a running service container:

# kool exec [OPTIONS] SERVICE COMMAND [--] [ARG...] $ kool exec app node -v

Try kool run nest --help to execute the kool exec app nest --help command in your running app container and print out information about NestJS' commands.

Similar to SSH, if you want to open a Bash session in your app container, run kool exec app bash, where app is the name of the service container in docker-compose.yml. If you prefer, you can use sh instead of bash (kool exec app sh).

$ kool exec app bash bash-5.1# $ kool exec app sh /app #

If you added a database service, you can easily start a new SQL client session inside your running database container by executing kool run mysql (MySQL) or kool run psql (PostgreSQL) in your terminal. This runs the single-line mysql or psql script included in your kool.yml.

If you need your app container to use your local SSH keys to pull private repositories and/or install private packages (which have been added as dependencies in your package.json file), you can simply add $HOME/.ssh:/home/kool/.ssh:delegated under the volumes key of the app service in your docker-compose.yml file. This maps a .ssh folder in the container to the .ssh folder on your host machine.

volumes: - .:/app:delegated + - $HOME/.ssh:/home/kool/.ssh:delegated

When it's time to stop working on the project:

$ kool stop

And when you're ready to start work again:

$ kool start

We have more presets to help you start projects with kool in a standardized way across different frameworks.

Missing a preset? Make a request, or contribute by opening a Pull Request. Go to and browse the code to learn more about how presets work.
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