PHP - Presets

Start a PHP Project with Docker in 2 Easy Steps

  1. Run kool create php my-project
  2. Run kool run setup

Yes, using kool + Docker to create and work on new PHP projects is that easy!

Requirements

If you haven't done so already, you first need to install Docker and the kool CLI.

Also, make sure you're running the latest version of kool. Run the following command to compare your local version of kool with the latest release, and, if a newer version is available, automatically download and install it.

$ kool self-update

Please note that it helps to have a basic understanding of how Docker and Docker Compose work to use Kool with Docker.

1. Run kool create php my-project

Use the kool create PRESET FOLDER command to create your new PHP project:

$ kool create php my-project

Under the hood, this command will create a "Hello world!" index.php file inside a public directory, which is the default root used by NGINX.

After setting up the project, kool create automatically runs the kool preset php command, which helps you easily set up the initial tech stack for your project using an interactive wizard.

$ Preset php is initializing!

? Which app service do you want to use [Use arrows to move, type to filter]
> PHP 7.4
  PHP 8.0

? Which composer version do you want to use [Use arrows to move, type to filter]
> 1.x
  2.x

$ Preset php initialized!

Now, move into your new PHP project:

$ cd my-project

The kool preset command auto-generated the following configuration files and added them to your project, which you can modify and extend.

+docker-compose.yml
+kool.yml

Now's a good time to review the docker-compose.yml file and verify the services match the choices you made earlier using the wizard.

2. Run kool run setup

Say hello to kool.yml, say goodbye to custom shell scripts!

As mentioned above, the kool preset command added a kool.yml file to your project. Think of kool.yml as a super easy-to-use task helper. Instead of writing custom shell scripts, add your own scripts to kool.yml (under the scripts key), and run them with kool run SCRIPT (e.g. kool run composer). You can add your own single line commands (see composer below), or add a list of commands that will be executed in sequence (see setup below).

To help get you started, kool.yml comes prebuilt with an initial set of scripts (based on the choices you made earlier using the preset wizard), including a script called setup, which helps you spin up a project for the first time.

scripts:
  composer: kool exec app composer
  php: kool exec app php

  setup:
    - kool start
    # - add more setup commands

Go ahead and run kool run setup to start your Docker environment:

# CAUTION: this script will reset your `.env` file with `.env.example`
$ kool run setup

As you can see in kool.yml, the setup script will do the following in sequence: run the kool start command to spin up your Docker environment; and then run any additional commands you add to the list.

Once kool run setup finishes, you should be able to access your new site at http://localhost and see "Hello world!". Hooray!

Verify your Docker container is running using the kool status command.

$ kool status
+---------+---------+---------------------------------------------+--------------+
| SERVICE | RUNNING | PORTS                                       | STATE        |
+---------+---------+---------------------------------------------+--------------+
| app     | Running | 0.0.0.0:80->80/tcp, :::80->80/tcp, 9000/tcp | Up 3 seconds |
+---------+---------+---------------------------------------------+--------------+

Run kool logs app to see the logs from the running app container.

Use kool logs to see the logs from all running containers. Add the -f option after kool logs to follow the logs (i.e. kool logs -f app).

$ kool logs app
Attaching to my-project_app_1
app_1  | time="2021-05-01T16:06:07Z" level=info msg="create process:php-fpm"
app_1  | time="2021-05-01T16:06:07Z" level=info msg="create process:nginx"
app_1  | time="2021-05-01T16:06:07Z" level=info msg="stop listening"
app_1  | time="2021-05-01T16:06:07Z" level=info msg="try to start program" program=php-fpm
app_1  | time="2021-05-01T16:06:07Z" level=info msg="try to start program" program=nginx
app_1  | time="2021-05-01T16:06:07Z" level=debug msg="wait program exit" program=php-fpm
app_1  | time="2021-05-01T16:06:07Z" level=debug msg="wait program exit" program=nginx
app_1  | [01-May-2021 16:06:07] NOTICE: fpm is running, pid 24
app_1  | [01-May-2021 16:06:07] NOTICE: ready to handle connections
app_1  | time="2021-05-01T16:06:08Z" level=info msg="success to start program" program=php-fpm
app_1  | time="2021-05-01T16:06:08Z" level=info msg="success to start program" program=nginx

Run Commands in Docker Containers

Use kool exec to execute a command inside a running service container:

# kool exec [OPTIONS] SERVICE COMMAND [--] [ARG...]

$ kool exec app ls

Try kool run composer list to execute the kool exec app composer list command in your running app container and print out a list of Composer commands.

Open Sessions in Docker Containers

Similar to SSH, if you want to open a Bash session in your app container, run kool exec app bash, where app is the name of the service container in docker-compose.yml. If you prefer, you can use sh instead of bash (kool exec app sh).

$ kool exec app bash
bash-5.1#

$ kool exec app sh
/app #

Access Private Repos and Packages in Docker Containers

If you need your app container to use your local SSH keys to pull private repositories and/or install private packages (which have been added as dependencies in your composer.json or package.json file), you can simply add $HOME/.ssh:/home/kool/.ssh:delegated under the volumes key of the app service in your docker-compose.yml file. This maps a .ssh folder in the container to the .ssh folder on your host machine.

volumes:
  - .:/app:delegated
+ - $HOME/.ssh:/home/kool/.ssh:delegated

Staying kool

When it's time to stop working on the project:

$ kool stop

And when you're ready to start work again:

$ kool start

Additional Presets

We have more presets to help you start projects with kool in a standardized way across different frameworks.

Missing a preset? Make a request, or contribute by opening a Pull Request. Go to https://github.com/kool-dev/kool/tree/master/presets and browse the code to learn more about how presets work.