NextJS - Presets
Start a Next.js Project with Docker in 2 Easy Steps
kool create nextjs my-project
kool run setup
Yes, using kool + Docker to create and work on new Next.js projects is that easy!
If you haven't done so already, you first need to install Docker and the kool CLI.
Also, make sure you're running the latest version of kool. Run the following command to compare your local version of kool with the latest release, and, if a newer version is available, automatically download and install it.
$ kool self-update
Please note that it helps to have a basic understanding of how Docker and Docker Compose work to use Kool with Docker.
kool create nextjs my-project
kool create PRESET FOLDER command to create your new Next.js project:
$ kool create nextjs my-project
Under the hood, this command will run
yarn create next-app my-project to install Next.js using a customized kool Docker image: kooldev/node:14.
After installing Next.js,
kool create automatically runs the
kool preset nextjs command, which helps you easily set up the initial tech stack for your project using an interactive wizard.
Now, move into your new Next.js project:
$ cd my-project
kool preset command auto-generated the following configuration files and added them to your project, which you can modify and extend.
Now's a good time to review the services added to the docker-compose.yml file.
kool run setup
Say hello to kool.yml, say goodbye to custom shell scripts!
As mentioned above, the
kool preset command added a kool.yml file to your project. Think of kool.yml as a super easy-to-use task helper. Instead of writing custom shell scripts, add your own scripts to kool.yml (under the
scripts key), and run them with
kool run SCRIPT (e.g.
kool run npm). You can add your own single line commands (see
npm below), or add a list of commands that will be executed in sequence (see
To help get you started, kool.yml comes prebuilt with an initial set of scripts (based on the preset), including a script called
setup, which helps you spin up a project for the first time.
scripts: npm: kool exec app npm # or yarn npx: kool exec app npx setup: - kool docker kooldev/node:14 npm install # or yarn install - kool start
Go ahead and run
kool run setup to start your Docker environment and finish setting up your project:
$ kool run setup
As you can see in kool.yml, the
setupscript will do the following in sequence: run
npm installto build your Node packages and dependencies (by spinning up and down a temporary Node container); and then start your Docker environment using docker-compose.yml (which includes a
commandto automatically run
npm run dev).
kool run setup finishes, you should be able to access your new site at http://localhost:3000 and see the Next.js welcome page. Hooray!
You may need to wait a few seconds for Next.js to compile and render the welcome page.
Verify your Docker container is running using the
kool status command:
$ kool status +---------+---------+------------------------+--------------+ | SERVICE | RUNNING | PORTS | STATE | +---------+---------+------------------------+--------------+ | app | Running | 0.0.0.0:3000->3000/tcp | Up 5 seconds | +---------+---------+------------------------+--------------+
kool logs app to see the logs from the running
app container, and confirm the Next.js server was started.
kool logsto see the logs from all running containers. Add the
kool logsto follow the logs (i.e.
kool logs -f app).
$ kool logs app Attaching to my-project_app_1 app_1 | app_1 | > firstname.lastname@example.org dev /app app_1 | > next dev app_1 | app_1 | ready - started server on 0.0.0.0:3000, url: http://localhost:3000
Run Commands in Docker Containers
kool exec to execute a command inside a running service container:
# kool exec [OPTIONS] SERVICE COMMAND [--] [ARG...] $ kool exec app node -v
kool run npx next -h (or
kool run yarn next -h) to execute the
kool exec app npx next -h command in your running
app container and print out information about Next.js CLI commands.
Open Sessions in Docker Containers
Similar to SSH, if you want to open a Bash session in your
app container, run
kool exec app bash, where
app is the name of the service container in docker-compose.yml. If you prefer, you can use
sh instead of
kool exec app sh).
$ kool exec app bash bash-5.1# $ kool exec app sh /app #
Access Private Repos and Packages in Docker Containers
If you need your
app container to use your local SSH keys to pull private repositories and/or install private packages (which have been added as dependencies in your
package.json file), you can simply add
$HOME/.ssh:/home/kool/.ssh:delegated under the
volumes key of the
app service in your docker-compose.yml file. This maps a
.ssh folder in the container to the
.ssh folder on your host machine.
volumes: - .:/app:delegated + - $HOME/.ssh:/home/kool/.ssh:delegated
When it's time to stop working on the project:
$ kool stop
And when you're ready to start work again:
$ kool start
We have more presets to help you start projects with kool in a standardized way across different frameworks.
Missing a preset? Make a request, or contribute by opening a Pull Request. Go to https://github.com/kool-dev/kool/tree/master/presets and browse the code to learn more about how presets work.